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Hemoglobin - A1c 5
An A1c of 5 indicates that you do not have diabetes.
An A1C of 5 means that you do not have diabetes and are not at risk for developing diabetes in the near future. An 5 A1C score is great! View the full A1C range chart to see how a A1C score of 4.0 compares.
Make sure to periodically check up on your a1c score. If your score raises to 5.7 or above, this is an indicator that you have a high risk of developing diabetes, which is known as prediabetes.
A1c 5 Questions
If you have prediabetes (i.e. an A1C score between 5.7 and 6.5 percent) you should check your A1C score once a year.
For people who have type 2 diabetes, check your A1C score twice a year if you don’t take insulin and your blood sugar level is consistently in target range, or check your A1C score four times a year if you use insulin to manage your diabetes and your blood sugar level is not consistently within the target range.
A1C scores are accurate up to .5%, so if you’ve scored a 6.89 percent, your actual score can be anywhere between 6.39 percent and a 7.39 percent. This is why doctors will test your A1C score twice before diagnosing you with diabetes – they want to make sure the reading is accurate.
There are a few common reasons why your A1C score will have errors or misreadings.
- A1C tests for patients who experience chronic bleeding may yield a false low.
- A1C tests for patients who have iron deficiency anemia may yield a false high.
- If your body produces a form of hemoglobin variant different than the normal hemoglobin A, your test can be inaccurate. This is more likely for people of African, Southeast Asian or Mediterranean descent. An example of hemoglobin variant is present in people with sickle cell disease, which changes the lifespan of red blood cells.
- Patients who are going through hemodialysis might have false lows because the processes may be filtering the glucose out of the patient’s bloodstream.
- Patients who have had a recent blood loss due to surgery or a heavy menstrual cycle may experience a false low.
- Liver disease, sickle cell anemia and kidney failure can cause your reading to be inaccurate.
Additionally, your A1C percentage can be off by as much as half a percent based on the margin of error. While that might mean the difference between being diabetic and prediabetic, if you’re a half a percentage away from developing diabetes or prediabetes, you should make changes to your lifestyle to reduce your score.
A chronic disease is one that lasts for more than three months, and according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, people with chronic physical health problems are three times more likely to have depression. Unfortunately, diabetes is a chronic disease. The complications associated with diabetes serve as triggers for depression. For that reason, people who have diabetes are more likely to have depression.
People who have type 1 diabetes always need insulin because their bodies don’t produce any. Insulin injections allow people with type 1 diabetes to regulate their blood sugar. Insulin is also prescribed to people with type 2 diabetes when other medications aren’t working properly. It is important for people with both types of diabetes to note that when you take insulin, you’re at risk for hypoglycemia, so you need to monitor your blood sugar and symptoms carefully.
When you have diabetes, your body becomes resistant to insulin. The insulin hormone is what regulates and controls your blood sugar. That means your glucose is stuck in your blood and cannot travel to your cells. Glucose is what fuels your body and gives you energy. When the glucose isn’t delivered to your cells, your diabetes can make you feel tired.